Sometimes when we brush our teeth, we may notice our gums are red and inflamed and they may even bleed. These symptoms should not be ignored as they may be a sign of gum disease or ‘gingivitis’.
Gingivitis can result in bad breath and a bad taste in your mouth but more importantly, can lead to bigger issues such as plaque or ‘tartar’ build-up. If left untreated tartar can irritate the gum and cause a more serious gum disease calledPeriodontitis. Bacteria can spread down into the bone that supports your teeth and if left untreated can deteriorate the bone which can lead to tooth loss.
Treating gingivitis is relatively simple. Your dentist will be able to clean your teeth with special equipment to treat the gum disease.
Your dentist will commonly use what’s called an ultrasonic instrument which uses a gentle vibration to knock away the tartar. It also sprays a cooling mist of water to wash away the debris. Once the larger pieces of tartar are gone, your dentist will switch to finer hand tools to remove smaller deposits and smoothen the surface of the tooth. Once the teeth are smooth, they may polish your teeth using a slow speed handpiece.
Of course you can greatly minimize your risk of gum disease by ensuring you practice good dental hygiene. Brushing twice a day with a good fluoride toothpaste, flossing (to remove food and bacteria from between your teeth) and rinsing with mouth wash are important.
Smoking can have a negative impact on your teeth and gums, as well as your diet. We recommend you try and steer clear of sugary foods and drinks to avoid casing damage to your teeth.
If you think you may have gum disease, contact Hendriks Dental Clinic, the best dentist in Auckland!